Monell v. Dept. of Soc. Svcs. (1978) 436 US 658

Monell Liability

US Supreme Court held that municipal corporations were persons who could be sued under Title 1983 (civil rights action) when execution of an official government policy or custom inflicted the constitutional violation. The Court’s analysis had three elements: 1) The municipal corporation’s (City’s) training practices were inadequate; 2) City was deliberately indifferent to the rights of others in adopting training practices such that its failures reflect a deliberate or conscious choice by the City and 3) the alleged deficient training procedures actually caused the injury.