United States v. $53,082 (6th Cir. 1993) 985 F.2d 245

Currency Sniff; Reasonable Suspicion; Probable Cause

Subjects fit the profile of drug couriers (one way tickets to known drug source city, no luggage except small gym bags, nervous, etc.) Contacted and volunteered they had $45,000 in their socks. LE took them to office because didn’t want to display that amount of cash in public. Subjects then told PSD would sniff; PSD alerted. Court held that there was not enough reasonable suspicion to detain for sniff because this was not luggage; it was money on the person of subjects which is entitled to higher level of privacy. Court found no consent on part of subjects. Money not subject to forfeiture and returned to subjects.